The temple….who needs it?

A temple in Eastern Uttar Pradesh.

A two-week get away seems like a great relaxing bonus for enduring the mundane. I recently took what amounted to just that when I drove my RV from Phoenix, AZ to my childhood home of Cincinnati, Oh.

One of the first things I noticed when I pulled into a rest stop and attempted to get some sleep was that I had forgotten my murti, Lord Ganesha. When I travel I always take him and or Lord Shiva with me. It is comforting to have a material representation of my deeply held beliefs, and so I was quite annoyed that I had omitted them. I have Lord Shiva on my car fob. Yet since I was in the RV I didn’t have that one either. I did however have The Gita and my mala beads and so between the reading one and doing jappa on the other, I felt in close contact with my ultimate reality.

I had a nice ride and really enjoyed my visit, the purpose of which was to attend a high school reunion. Reunions are great times to reflect the past, contemplate the future and, evaluate the present.  Having done all three, I realized how fortunate indeed I am to have embraced this path of Sanata Dharma.  Two of my former class mates have converted to Islam, and both have changed their names accordingly. I am still wrestling with that one. There are several factors involved besides just the actual name change which are best left to another post. I enjoyed seeing my friends from high school and recalling old pranks and antics long since submerged into the annals of our childhood.

It was en-route home that I noticed a feeling of void. Initially dismissed as the general decline of excitement following any event which one has long anticipated, I realized it wasn’t entirely that. While saying jappas one day, I realized that it had been over a week since I was in a temple. That was it! I missed the temple. The shoes piled outside, clusters of people greeting each other, the ringing of bells, people chanting,  kneeling, seeing fresh flowers and fruit offered to the Gods and the feel of the soft smooth tile underneath my bare feet.

I am familiar with the concept of some

Arizona Ekta Mandir, Navratr, Hindu communities
Devotees celebrate Navratri at Arizona Ekta Mandir. Much more than “just a building,” temples often serve as the social, spiritual and cultural pulse of Hindu communities.

 Hindus that if you are living right, or doing daily home puja then you “don’t need the temple.”  Until then, I never had a chance to test that theory. Perhaps it was the missing murtis, but then I was doing a bit of Bakti yogi with the “tools” at my disposal.  No, it wasn’t that. I missed all aspects of communion with the divine, I yearned for the temple. 

Temple architecture was designed to provide spaces for effortless meditation and where the various deities radiate their own energy and intelligence. As many people meet in temples to communicate with and perform rituals to these deities, the energy abounds and becomes all-consuming to those who are receptive. Put quite simply, I missed it.

When I returned, I went to the Monday night Shiva Puja. It was very uplifting and refreshing. I prostrated myself before God, participated in the Shiva abhishekam and thanked my Lord for a safe and enjoyable trip. After that, speaking to friends I had not seen in a while and just basking in temple darshan, I finally felt that sense of completeness one gets when he is finally home.

Maybe it is my western upbringing, but I cannot stay away from the temple for an extended period of time without what I call “temple withdrawal”. You see as Christians, we were  taught that “going to worship” was primarily in the church and that the gathering of the faithful should be done as community and as often as possible, which for Catholics is daily (mass), but for Protestants is Sunday, and in many of them Wed., or the mid-week services.

I wonder if other Western Hindus have such a feeling. As more of us embrace the path, we will invariably bring with us remnants of the spiritual ways of life we leave behind.

The temple is very important to some of us, especially westerners, and certainly more than “just a building,” because unlike ethnic Hindus, we do not get the cultural aspect of Dharma in our homes or businesses. No matter how spiritual we are inwardly, it is affirming and satisfying to enjoin our spiritual family at the temple. I am thankful it is there. Who needs Temples? I do.

No Idols Here….

saraswati, Lakshmi, Ganesha, Krishna, Odol, murti

Humans are image driven, and will naturally attribute form and design to their inner most mental                                         conjures. Probably the vast majority of humankind worships God in image form because                                                      the human mind even objectifies the idea of the formless.

Some of us remember a time before cell phones. A time when the land was

 replete with pay phones and every house or residence had a land line. To

call a friend or family member from afar was expensive. When I was a

soldier stationed in Korea during to 1970s,  a phone call to my family

back in the US cost $4.00 a minute!  That’s right. I paid dearly for the

privilege of speaking to my loved ones. Why? Because I missed them.

Did I keep the phone on the hook and simply talk to the device??

Of course not. That would have been akin to phone worship….. 

Well, so it is with murtis : in part, a murti, or murthi, or vigraha or

pratima typically refers to an image that expresses a Divine Spirit.

Meaning literally “embodiment”, a murti is a representation of a

divinity, made usually of stone, wood, or metal, which serves as a means

through which a divinity may be worshiped. 1

 

Some may consider that to be the definition of an idol. Yet that is exactly what a murti is not. An idol by definition is an image or other material object representing a deity or spirit to which religious worship is addressed. The difference may be described by the word life. One embodies divinity while the other simply represents.

Ganesha, Christ on cross, image, murti, idol
Why is the depiction on the left considered a “graven image” while the one on the right is simply a “sacred item”?

Coming from a Christian back ground, I know that the word idolatry is a highly charged one, meaning to worship, or make any human made image of God, or the divine. Catholics have images which are called idols by protestants, who claim not to have any such. Yet even though they don’t have carvings, they have stained glass windows handsomely adorned with images of Christ. Then during The Christmas season, many of them display statues of everyone involved in the Bethlehem scene from the Angel Gabriel to the sheep who lived in the barn. Yet it is they in particular who have  besmirched God’s material depiction, and their explanation of their Bible which has become the default for how our entire western society views what is “right” and “wrong” regarding spiritual expression.

 

Humans are image driven, and will naturally attribute form and design to their inner most mental conjures. Probably the vast majority of humankind worships God in image form because the human mind even objectifies the idea of the formless. So how is it that dharmic worshipers materialized their divinities while the Abrahamic relied on sub conscious subtleties to plant and enforce the mental image immortalized by Michelangelo of God as an angry ole white man.

 

For one, we Hindus consider all of creation to be God who is imminent and transcendent throughout the universe. Therefore all things created contain God’s presence. With that in mind, consider that there is not much of a transition to realizing that the images of Lord Ganesha or Goddess Saraswati already contain God whether made of wood, marble or granite. Murtis are not just physical carvings but bodies which are energized to vibrate in a certain way such that they impact their surroundings. The science of the murtis derives from The Agama Shastra, a tantric scientific methodology that has been perfected over eons. Each Agama consists of four parts, however for this purpose we focus on the Kirya which includes rules for construction of temples; and consecration of idols (murtis).  This code is analogous to those in Puranas. 2

 

God, Brahman, OM, Aum
Visual and oral representation of Brahman- the power responsible for creation, development and destruction of the universe

The Kirya has also detailed the creation for vibrational capacities and the life within the murtis. This life, this vibration of energy responds to us when we call upon it and address it. Every aspect and form reflects Gods presence which is nestled therein. Devout Hindus accept idol worship as a simple way of expr essing their faith, love and devotion to God. There is a childlike innocence and purity of approach when a person stands reverently in front of an image or a murti and bows to it in total submission. It is possible only when a person has strong faith and no egoism. Worldly people or intellectuals who have strong egos cannot easily surrender to God or worship God’s images with simple faith. However, those who worship God with devotion and humility know that murti worship connects them to God and opens their hearts to divine love. 3

 

Some reject at the idea of murti worship as superstition. However, the practice is based on scientific principles, matters which western scientist have recently began to acknowledge.

 

Energy, temple, vibrations worship
A temple is an outgrowth of the deity which has its own independent intelligence and from which energy is constantly radiating.

A temple, is a miniature cosmos comprised of the five elements and a presiding deity.  They are the places containing pure vibrations of magnetic and electric fields with positive energy.  A temple is an outgrowth of the deity which has its own independent intelligence and from which energy is constantly radiating. Essentially, temples were designed to be spaces where the mind spontaneously moves within and meditation happens effortlessly. Every aspect of the temple, from the architecture to the rituals to the kinds of worship offered, has been consciously created to make this experience happen. 4

 

Deities work as our focal point, to remind us of our true potential. In silence your thoughts have tremendous potential to become reality. This is why people say “My prayers have come true”. Indeed every prayer has potential to come true provided you prayed in deep awareness. Deity itself has no meaning unless you create. They are used more as a focal point or to attack the Mind. 5

 

Without getting too immersed into quantum physics, this works on the premise that all matter vibrates and  thought vibrations can and do produce desired results. Murtis are the conduit whereby these abstract brain pulsations transform into meaningful praise and supplications.

This practice also works for the practices of Voodoo and tantra shastra. Distance healing is based on a similar principle. Thought waves are very subtle, they can be transferred at incredible speed through space. This can be performed with willpower. After all, existence is homogeneous. In a state of silence all psychological barriers are broken. 6

 

The first time I ever visited a Hindu temple, when I was in deep searching, I remember feeling overwhelming joy and peace. The feeling was extremely profound, almost tactile. I returned to that temple many times to make sure the sensation was not imaginary. After having attended awhile, I discussed it with the temple Pandit. He explained the vibratory energy and said that when the worship is done in a group it is intensified. It was that positive intensity that I felt welcoming me onto the eternal path.

 

Back to the concept of the phone call. If the conversation stops at you just talking to the phone, then your conversation goes absolutely nowhere (ie idolatry) . It is not until you “open the connection channel” that you are able to communicate with your desired party. The phone just simply allows the two way transmission.

 

Swami Paramananda sums it up better than I. He says “Coming to idol worship, let it be very clear that if worship stops at the statue or the picture, then it is idolatry. The truth, however, is that idols are a means to reach the formless aspect of God. Form is used as a means to reach the formless. Many people talk about praying or worshiping directly, but this is impossible – no one can make it. Whether it is a mosque, a temple, a scripture, rites, rituals, prayers, meditation techniques, a prophet or a guru, all are forms and only means to reach the formless. Yes, it is absolutely true that people stagnate with idolatry, thus missing the opportunity to experience the formless. 7

By the Prana Pratishtha ceremony, the idol becomes identical with the deity.

By Swami Paramananda*

1 www.definitions.net

2 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C4%80gama_(Hinduism)

3 http://www.hinduwebsite.com/idols.asp

4, 5 http://www.speakingtree.in/allslides/science-behind-hindu-temples/238296

6, 7 http://www.londonmeditation.info/Truth-behind-Idol-and-Image-Worship—By-a-Meditation-Master/B43.htm>

* Paramananda (1884–1940) was a swami and one of the early Indian teachers who went to the United States to spread the Vedanta philosophy and religion there. He was a mystic, a poet and an innovator in spiritual community living. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swami_Paramananda>

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